A non-profit service organization
Known as America’s first mental health activist, Dorothea Dix was a strong woman who fought for those who couldn’t fight for themselves. She founded the Trenton Psychiatric Hospital in 1848, the first public mental health hospital in the state. Dix also helped convince the New Jersey legislature to build Greystone Psychiatric Hospital (a $2.5 million project) to alleviate overcrowding at the Trenton hospital. If that’s not enough to impress, she also was the Superintendent of Army Nurses during the Civil War.J
In 1881 Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross in Washington D.C. During the American Civil War, Barton was working in the U.S. Patent Office in D.C. Although she helped to collect and disperse supplies for the soldiers, she realized that she would be more useful working on the front lines where she could cook and care for the wounded. Barton’s work inspired her to start a new chapter of the Red Cross in America, conjoining it with the already global network. Like GFWC, the Red Cross opened up volunteer opportunities to millions across the country. GFWC, who had clubs of nurses such as the Trained Nurses Club in NYC, formed a strong bond with the volunteer network. During both World Wars, clubs across the country turned their clubhouses over to the Red Cross to be used as training hubs. Clubwomen also helped to recruit nurses to the Red Cross through the Cadet Nurse Corps.